January 31 is the birthdate (in 1797) of composer Franz Schubert. It's probably wrong to simply place the "composer" label on him, though. Among other things, he was a musician (primarily violin, viola and piano), a choirboy (well, until his voice cracked), and a teacher (at his father's school). He even served as a torchbearer at Beethoven's funeral. But he is best known for his compositions.....symphonies, string quartets, masses, and especially songs, more than 600 of them. Schubert is another example of a composer who didn't live a very long life. He passed away at age 32. But he packed a lot of composing into those few years. Here are some links to help you learn a bit more about Schubert:
The Wikipedia article about Schubert.
The Schubert Institute (UK), or SIUK, has lots of information about the composer, his life and his music.
Got some time? This site has digital copies of more than 500 of Schubert's letters, musical scores and other documents.
Something for the children.
Some interesting quotations from the composer.